In the Lay Subsidy of 1334, Debenham is valued at £82.62. By todays values this would be the equivalent of £36,955.98

Markets

A Market was a trading institution held weekly.  In most places in medieval England a Market was held on a set day once a week.  The larger towns had several Markets on several days a week.  Debenham had a Market on two days - one on Mondays and another one on Fridays.

The Monday Market was granted by Letters Close by King Henry III to Robert Aguillon on 9th May 1221.  It was to be held at the Manor until the King came of age.

The Friday Market was granted by Letters Close by King Henry III to Robert Aguillon on 10th June 1222.  It was to be held at the Manor until the King came of age.

NOTE: King Henry III was born 1st October 1207 and  was crowned at the age of 9 and reigned from 18th October 1216 to 16th November 1272 (56 years, 29 days).

Fairs

A Fair was a trading institution held annually. In medieval England, a Fair was held on a set date, normally associated with the feast of a particular saint. A Fair might last only a single day or over a couple of days, ranging from two or three days to a week or more.

The Debenham Fair was granted by Letters Close, dated 10th Jun 1222, to be held on the "vigil and feast" of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist (24th June).  It was granted by King Henry III to Robert de Aguillun.  To be held at the manor until the King came of age.  On 17th March 1227, King Henry III granted a fair to be held on the "vigil, feast & morrow" of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist (24th and 25th June).

Abolition

Under "The Fairs Act, 1871", the following was published in the London Gazette on 3rd May 1872, under the heading "Debenham Fair".

"In persuance of the above mentioned Act, I, the Right Honourable, Henry Austin Bruce, one of Her Majesty's Principle Secretaries of State, hereby notify as follows:

  1. By Memorial, dated the 12th day of April, 1872, a representation has been duly made to me by the Justices sitting in the Petty Sessions for the Division of Framlingham, in the County of Suffolk, that Fairs have been annually held on the 24th and 25th days of June, and on the 2nd day of September, in the parish of Debenham, in the said division of the said county, and that it would be for the convenience and advantage of the public that such Fairs should be abolished.

  2. On the 3rd day of June, 1872, I shall take the aforesaid representation into consideration, and all persons are to intimate, before that day, any objectionthay may desire to offer to the abolistion of the said Fairs.

(Signed) H. A. Bruce

Whitehall, May 2, 1872"

 

Under "The Fairs Act, 1871", the following was published in the London Gazette on 11th June 1872, under the heading "Debenham Fairs".

"Whereas a representation has been duly made to me, as Secretary of State for the Home Department, by the Justices sitting in Petty Sessions for the Division of Framlingham, in the county of Suffolk, that Fairs have been annually held on the 24th and 25th days of June, and on the 2nd day of September, in the parish of Debenham, in the said division of the said county, that it would be for the convenience and advantage of the public that the said Fairs should be abolished.:

And whereas notice of the said represetnation, and of the time when I should take the same into consideration, has been duly published in persuance of "The Fairs Act, 1871:"

And whereas, on such representation and consieration, it appears to me that it would be for the convenience and advantage of the public that the said Fairs should be abolished:

And whereas the Right Honourable John Major Lord Henniker, as lord or owner of the said Fairs and the tolls thereof, has consented, in writing, that the said Fairs should be abolished:

Now therefore, I, as the secretary of State for the Home department, in exercise of the powers vested in me by "The Fairs Act, 1871," do hereby order that the Fairs which have been annually held on the 24th and 25th days of June, and on the 2nd day of September, in the parish of Debenham, in the Petty Sessional Division of Framlingham, in the county of Suffolk, shall be abolished as from the date of this order.

Given under my hand at Whitehall, this 7th day of June, 1872,

(Signed) H. A. Bruce